The 2017 Innovative Policy Conference

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National leaders and academics come together at Innovative Policy Conference to showcase fact-based policy.

Article contributors: Mintaka Angell, Nancy Kirsch, Amamah Sardar

On June 15th, more than 250 federal and state policy leaders, academics and community organizers from across the country attended the first annual Innovative Policy conference. The conference was held by the Rhode Island Innovative Policy Lab (RIIPL), a unique partnership between Brown University and the Governor’s Office of Rhode Island. The lab combines data science and behavioral economics to unlock the power of data and science to improve policies, alleviate poverty, and increase economic opportunity. Dr. Justine Hastings, director of RIIPL and Professor of Economics and International Affairs at the Watson Institute at Brown University, organized the conference to bring together experts in public policy and push forward data-driven solutions to pressing challenges in the real world.


Over the past few years, fact-based policy has become the forefront of national policy. In 2015, the Obama administration unveiled an updated strategy for American Innovation, which stressed research and development to continue to push innovative policies. The Innovative Policy Conference sought to highlight this development over the course of four impactful sessions where policymakers shared how governments and researchers can work together to use fact-based evidence to improve lives.


The Importance of Fact-Based Policy

The conference kicked off with a powerful and timely discussion about the bipartisan need for fact-based policy to inform government programs.  The panel comprised of national leaders who have worked with all sides of the political spectrum, and stressed the need for fact-based policy resulting in more effective and efficient policy solutions.


Demetra Nightingale, Chief Evaluation Officer for the U.S. Department of Labor, explained how she institutionalized a culture of experimentation and evaluation. “Two words,” she said. “Relevance and rigor.” Nightingale went on to say that evaluations must be “relevant to program administrators and political leadership.”


Following up on relevance, Robert Doar, Morgridge Fellow in Poverty Studies at the American Enterprise Institute, remarked: “We need to connect our effort to [making] changes that lead to positive outcomes. After a while, people get tired of hearing about evaluations if they don’t lead to better outcomes. We need to lead with evidence-based changes.”


Ron Haskins, Senior Fellow and Cabot Family Chair in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution, also noted that a focus on replicating government programs and measuring their impact is a crucial part of fact-based decisions. “We don’t replicate our programs enough… that’s what we need to do to move the needle on our social problems,” he commented during the panel.


The Power of State-Lab Partnerships

The second panel highlighted the many successful fact-based initiatives developed and proposed by the Rhode Island Innovative Policy Lab, echoing Nightingale’s point that “Rhode Island is [at] the top of doing innovative public policy.”


Speakers from RIIPL and Rhode Island state agency partners explored RIIPL’s approach to help the Governor reach policy goals. These strategic goals — closing the achievement gap, criminal justice reform, social program innovation, and regulation that works — are jointly determined in collaboration with the Governor’s policy team.


At the forefront of RIIPL’s analysis is a comprehensive and anonymized database known as the RI 360 database. According to Mark Howison, Director of Data Science, “Having access to this clean, anonymized, organized database is really a cornerstone of the research and policy work.”


The panel emphasized RIIPL’s approach to making effective policy. Amamah Sardar, RIIPL’s project manager for Departments of Corrections projects, spoke about RIIPL’s collaboration with the Department of Corrections to meet the Governor’s goal of reducing recidivism in Rhode Island. Using cutting-edge analysis and fieldwork, RIIPL identified two simple, innovative programs to reduce recidivism at little to no cost to the taxpayer. “By testing various approaches and conducting field projects,” Sardar said, “we can measure causal impact and provide a blueprint for other states to adopt similar approaches.”


State government officials noted how working with RIIPL allowed for faster analysis and inter-agency collaboration. “Having a partner in RIIPL who can [run analyses] very quickly [makes] a big difference,” Kimberly Paull, Director for Data and Analytics, RI EOHHS said. Benjamin Shaffer, Director of Performance Management for the State of Rhode Island, also noted that the government faces challenges in connecting departments to “work across agencies and… breed operational improvements.” RIIPL’s recidivism projects, he noted, allowed for the opportunity to solve problems with “cross-agency data.”


The panel ended with some advice from Dr. Hastings and RIIPL. This included having a high tolerance for failure, from which productive lessons can be learned; maintaining testing’s rigor and fidelity as the model is scaled up; and working collaboratively with government partners while being mindful of academic integrity.



The Rise of Research-Driven Policy


The third panel brought together academics and directors of research labs to discuss academic-public research and the value of bringing an outside party in to help governments leverage data and optimize policy.


Jens Ludwig, director of the University of Chicago Crime Lab, argued for the power of “nudge interventions” like RIIPL’s which employ small, scalable changes. With costs close to zero and potentially huge benefits, these interventions have potentially enormous ramifications for the state, he explained, citing a nudge at Riker’s Island in New York City where making court summons forms more eye-catching decreased the amount of missed court dates from inmates.


Quentin Palfrey, the executive director of J-PAL North America, noted that partnerships between policy labs and state governments are so productive because “state… policy makers are in the position of innovating to deal with complex change and they act without the benefit of rigorous evidence… [while] the academic community is interested in identifying innovative interventions but don’t know what struggles and challenges people are trying to deal with in cities, counties, and states.”


Other panelists including Joshua Cowen, an Associate Professor at the College of Education at Michigan State University, also encouraged this model stating that “budget constraints, interagency legislative pressures, [and] strategic plans” that state governments face create a unique space for labs to add value by supplying the evidence and research design to help make good policy.


Fact-based Policy from the Front Lines


In the fourth panel, panelists from state governments across the country and the federal government discussed the ways in which data and research can be used to make policy more effective.
From Rhode Island, Macky McCleary, Director of the Department of Public Utilities Commission, and Eric Godwin, the Director of the Office of Regulatory Reform, spoke about how facts, data and research can shape sound policy decisions by both pointing you in the right direction, and steering you clear of pitfalls.


“Data can be turned into policy, but [we’re] really talking about information,” said McCleary. “Actionable information suggests a certain path.”


Godwin followed up on this by pointing out that data and research “allow you to identify bad ideas much more quickly… helping you find marginal benefits and compare across programs and evaluate in a transparent way which programs are doing well.”


Robert Sivinski echoed the need for data from his viewpoint as a senior statistician in the federal Office of Management and Budget. “Regulatory development that incorporates cost-benefit analysis,” he said. “It’s a guiding principle that can bring folks together and form consensus. Even in the absence of consensus, it can move negotiations into a more productive space.”


Overall, the conference afforded a unique chance for policymakers across the country to collaborate and begin a larger movement towards fact-based policy. As RIIPL expands to form regional collaborations in the future and foundations fund more lab-style funding models to support similar efforts, future conferences can showcase the fruits of state-lab partnerships across the country.

The inaugural 2017 Innovative Policy Conference brings together leading policymakers and social scientists to collaborate and explore how data and science can improve policy. Conference speakers will share examples of innovative policy projects and promising results in areas such as health, education, and criminal justice reform.  We’ll discuss how policymakers can overcome barriers to data-driven decision-making and improve lives through more effective policy

The conference is hosted by RIIPL, an Innovative Policy Lab established at Brown University. The lab is a collaboration with The Office of the Governor of Rhode Island and is sponsored by the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs and the Laura and John Arnold Foundation

Registration has closed. The conference is open to registered guests only.

Innovative Policy Conference Schedule

June 15, 2017

8:15 – 9:00am
Registration, Coffee, and Pastries
Location: MacMillan Hall, Brown University, 167 Thayer Street, Providence, RI
9:00 – 9:30am
Opening Remarks
Richard Locke, Provost and Professor of Political Science and International and Public Affairs, Brown University

Eric J. Beane, Secretary of Health and Human Services, State of Rhode Island

9:30 – 10:30am
Panel 1: The National, Bipartisan Need for Fact-based Policy
Ron Haskins, Senior Fellow and Cabot Family Chair in Economic Studies, The Brookings Institute
Robert Shea, Principal, Grant Thornton, Former Associate Director for the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for Administration and Government Performance
Demetra Nightingale, Institute Fellow, The Urban Institute, Chief Evaluation Officer, Department of Labor 2011-2016
Robert Doar, Morgridge Fellow in Poverty Studies, American Enterprise Institute
Moderator: Kathy Stack, Vice President of Evidence-based Innovation, Laura and John Arnold Foundation
10:30 – 11:00am
Coffee Break
11:00 – 12:30pm
Presentation: The Rhode Island Innovative Policy Lab Approach to Increasing Policy Impact
Professor Justine Hastings, Founding Director of RIIPL, Brown University and NBER
Mark Howison, Director of Data Science, Brown University and RIIPL
Mintaka Angell, RIIPL Project Manager for Health and Human Services Projects

David Berenbaum, RIIPL Senior Data Scientist

Kimberly Paull, Director for Data and Analytics, Rhode Island executive Office of Health and Human Services

Keshav Poddar, Policy Advisor to the Governor of Rhode Island

Amamah Sardar, RIIPL Project Manager for Corrections and Public Safety Projects

Benjamin Shaffer, Director of Performance Management for the State of Rhode Island

Moderator: Michelle Welch, Research and Policy Manager, Laura and John Arnold Foundation

12:45 – 1:45pm
Lunch  and Keynote Address
“Using Research to Inform Policy – The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Experience.”
Richard Cordray, Director, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
2:00 – 3:00pm
Panel 2: Additional Models of Research Supporting Policy
Professor Jens Ludwig,  University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy
Quentin Palfrey, Executive Director, J-PAL North America
Professor Diane Schanzenbach, Northwestern University
David Yokum, Director, The Lab @DC

Moderator:  Eric Patashnik, Julis-Rabinowitz Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Political Science, Director of Brown Public Policy Program at the Watson Institute

3:00 – 3:15pm
Coffee Break
3:15 – 4:15pm
Workshop: Report on Fact-based Policy from the Front Lines
Macky McCleary, Administrator for the Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers
Janey Rountree, Executive Director, California Policy Lab, Los Angeles (former Deputy Chief of Staff to Mayor Rahm Emanuel)
Robert Sivinski, Senior Statistician, Office of Statistical and Science Policy, United States Office of Management and Budget
Christian Soura, Vice President for Policy & Finance, South Carolina Hospital Association (former Director of the South Carolina Department of Health & Human Services)
Jonathan Womer, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, State of Rhode Island

Moderator: Josh McGee, Laura and John Arnold Foundation


4:15 –
Poster Session and Cocktails
Enjoy hors d’oeuvres and drinks while browsing poster presentations of research-driven Policy Innovation Projects in Rhode Island.

Innovative Policy Conference // 2017 Speakers and Panelists

Richard Cordray

Director, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

Robert Doar

Morgridge Fellow in Poverty Studies, American Enterprise Institute

Ron Haskins

Senior Fellow and Cabot Family Chair in Economic Studies, The Brookings Institute

Justine Hastings

Justine Hastings, Professor of Economics and International and Public Affairs, Brown University and NBER. Founding Director, Rhode Island Innovative Policy Lab

Mark Howison

Director of Data Science, Brown University and Rhode Island Innovative Policy Lab

Jens Ludwig

McCormick Foundation Professor of Social Service Administration, Law, and Public Policy, University of Chicago

Josh McGee

Vice President of Public Accountability, Laura and John Arnold Foundation

Demetra Nightingale

Institute Fellow, The Urban Institute

Quentin Palfrey

Executive Director, J-PAL North America

Christina Paxson

President of Brown University and Professor of Economics and Public Policy

Diane Schanzenbach

Director of the Hamilton Project and Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institute, Professor, Northwestern University

Kathy Stack

Vice President of Evidence-Based Innovation, Laura and John Arnold Foundation

Robert Shea

Principal, Grant Thornton

David Yokum

Director, The Lab @ DC